However, almost in same it is a high time in Greece there were also first iron-wares. Separate finds of bronze knives with iron inserts belong to the beginning of the period. It is possible to assume that to the second half of the XI century of the technician of processing of iron it was to some extent already mastered by Greeks. However the centers of the iron industry were still extremely not numerous and could hardly provide with enough metal all population of the country. The decisive step in this direction was taken only in the X century.
The Greek poetry of posthomeric time (the VII-VI centuries) differs in extraordinary thematic wealth and variety of forms and genres. From later forms of the epos two of its are known the main option: the epos heroic, presented by so-called poems of "Cycle", and the epos didactic, presented by two poems of Hesiod: "Works and days" and "Teogoniya".
If to try to extrapolate all these symptoms of cultural decline and regress to the sphere of the social and economic relations inaccessible to our direct supervision, we almost inevitably will have to recognize that in the XII-XI centuries the Greek society was rejected far back, on a stage of a primitive-communal system and, in essence, again returned to that initial line with which once (in the XVII century) formation of a Mycenaean civilization began.
Width of art inquiries of society it was shown in close attention of art to the person and his activity. A brilliant example are the multi-color lists in houses Jeanne Acrotia's mountain executed by several masters. Transfer of idea is especially important
For the Greek poetry of posthomeric time sharp transfer of the center of gravity of a poetic narration on the identity of the poet is characteristic. This tendency is clearly felt already in Hesiod's creativity, especially in his poem "Works and Days".
the substance which is qualitatively not reduced to one of four elements and at the same time staying in the continuous movement in the course of which of an apeyron opposite principles are allocated: warm and cold, dry and damp, etc. Entering interaction, these couples of contrasts generate all natural phenomena available to supervision, both live, and dead. The picture of the world painted by Anaksimandr was absolutely new and unusual to that era when it arose. It comprised a number of pronounced elements of materialistic and dialectic character, including the idea of the comprehensive, constantly changing the form primary substance quite close to modern ideas of a matter, thought of conflict of opposites and their transition each other as the main source of all variety of world processes.
The original and many-sided early Greek culture was created in 3000-1200. Various factors accelerated its movement. For example, the ended ethnogenesis of the Greek people strengthened internal relations of all grekoyazychny world, despite frequent local collisions.
Practically in the same time (the second half of the VIII century) were created and, most likely, then such outstanding samples of the monumental heroic epos as "Illiada" and "Odyssey" with which the history of the Greek literature begins are written down.
It is possible to consider it is indisputable proved that class society and the state, and together with it and a civilization arose on the Greek soil twice with a big gap in time: at first in the first half of II thousand BC and again in the first half of I thousand BC. Therefore all history of Ancient Greece can be divided this hour into two big eras: era of a Mycenaean, or Cretan-Mycenaean, palace civilization and era of an antique sheet civilization.
Besides fiction, also huge number of historical, genealogical and mythological legends was stored in oral tradition of Greeks of the studied time. They were widely known in oral transfer up to the VII-VI centuries when they were included by the written letter of round extending then.
What occurred in Ionia in VII and in the VI centuries BC, spobstvuyushchy to appearance of such outstanding persons? The population of the mixed blood (kariysky, Greek and Phoenician branches) was involved in long and difficult class fight. What blood from these three branches flows in their veins? In what measure? We it not